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Lead Developer @ Demac Media


© 2014. Allan MacGregor All rights reserved.

First steps on HHVM

On a previous post Introduction to HHVM we went over HHVM's history and the potential of running our PHP applications on top of it. Currently a few applications are fully supported like wordpress and drupal; more complex applications like Magento are still not 100% with HHVM due to bugs in the HHVM implementation.

The first thing that we need to in order to start developing with HHVM is to setup a proper environment, for this case we are going to use a Vagrant Box.

Skipping the Installation

If you want to skip the whole setup you can download the configured vagrant box by doing the following:

mkdir vagrant-hhvm
cd vagrant-hhvm
vagrant init
vagrant box add hhvmdev https://www.dropbox.com/s/5qyjkes49nk5abt/package.box

Installing Vagrant

Download and install the appropriate version of Vagrant for your machine.

Downloading Ubuntu Precise (12.04)

mkdir ~/dev/vagrant/
cd ~/dev/vagrant/
vagrant init 

This will create a vagrant configuration file, this file is used for setting the configuration and provisioning our new vagrant box. We also need to download and ISO image of the Ubuntu 12.04 vagrant can do this with a single command.

vagrant box add base http://files.vagrantup.com/precise64.box

Once vagrant finishes downloading the Ubuntu image we can start our vagrant box by typing:

vagrant up

Vagrant runs in headless mode (meaning there is no screen or interface, everything runs in the background) in order to be able do anything with our new box we need to open a ssh session to it. If you are working in OSX or Linux you are luck, you can login into your vagrant box by typing:

vagrant ssh

Windows users can still run the command to get instructions on how to connect with vagrant by using putty or xshell.

Once we are logged it into our brand new vagrant box we are ready to start installing HHVM

Installing HHVM

Facebook currently provides binary distributions of the HHVM, but unfortunately this binary files are nowhere near the latest updates; so in order to have the latest bug fixes and patches we have to build HHVM from the repository HEAD

Setting up the build tools

We need to install some base tools before we can actually build HHVM:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install git-core cmake g++ libboost1.48-dev libmysqlclient-dev \
libxml2-dev libmcrypt-dev libicu-dev openssl build-essential binutils-dev \
libcap-dev libgd2-xpm-dev zlib1g-dev libtbb-dev libonig-dev libpcre3-dev \
autoconf libtool libcurl4-openssl-dev libboost-regex1.48-dev libboost-system1.48-dev \
libboost-program-options1.48-dev libboost-filesystem1.48-dev wget memcached \
libreadline-dev libncurses-dev libmemcached-dev libbz2-dev \
libc-client2007e-dev php5-mcrypt php5-imagick libgoogle-perftools-dev \
libcloog-ppl0 libelf-dev libdwarf-dev libunwind7-dev subversion

Building HHVM

Next, we need to get a copy of HHVM GitHub repository:

mkdir ~/hhvm-dev/
cd ~/hhvm-dev/
git clone https://github.com/facebook/hiphop-php

Before jumping ahead and compiling HHVM we need to setup some third-party libraries required to support some of the PHP language features:

libevent

git clone git://github.com/libevent/libevent.git
cd libevent
git checkout release-1.4.14b-stable
cat ../hiphop-php/hphp/third_party/libevent-1.4.14.fb-changes.diff | patch -p1
./autogen.sh
./configure --prefix=$CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH
sudo make && sudo make install

libCurl

git clone git://github.com/bagder/curl.git
cd curl
./buildconf
./configure --prefix=$CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH
sudo make && sudo make install

Google glog

svn checkout http://google-glog.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/ google-glog
cd google-glog
./configure --prefix=$CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH
sudo make && sudo make install

JEMalloc 3.0

wget http://www.canonware.com/download/jemalloc/jemalloc-3.0.0.tar.bz2
tar xjvf jemalloc-3.0.0.tar.bz2
cd jemalloc-3.0.0
./configure --prefix=$CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH
sudo make && sudo make install

Now we are ready for compiling HHVM:

cd hiphop-php
export CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=`pwd`/..
export HPHP_HOME=`pwd`
cmake .
make

If the compiler ran successfully and we didn't get any errors, we should be able to check HHVM version by running:

 hphp/hhvm/hhvm --version

Let's create a symlink to make our lives a little easier:

sudo ln -s ~/hhvm-dev/hiphop-php/hphp/hhvm/hhvm /usr/bin/hhvm

Next steps

Let's test HHVM by setting up a quick PHP script:

mkdir -p ~/dev/scripts/
vim ~/dev/scripts/hhvm-test.php

And copy the following code:

<?php echo "Hello world, I'm running HHVM\r\n"; ?>

Save the file, now in order to run or PHP applications through HHVM is important to understand how the differ from a normal LAMP stack(we will cover this on a later post), for now we can run our test script by running:

hhvm ~/dev/scripts/hhvm-test.php

If you see the message printed on your console means that the setup was successful and we are now running HHVM.

What's next

In the next post I'll cover the installation of Wordpress under HHVM and the basis for debugging an application running on HHVM.

Word count: 699

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